What is benign prostate enlargement (BPE)? | ASSOCIATE PROF. CENK ACAR
What is benign prostate enlargement (BPE)?

While prostate continues growing throughout the lives of men, such growth of prostate does not result in significant problems in most of the men, except for advanced ages. BPE very rarely causes problems before 40 years of age. Prostate gland gradually grows starting from 40s. The prostate gland in the size of a chestnut can grow up to the size of an orange. This condition is called the benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Signs of BPH affect the daily life and quality of life in more half of men at 60s, and in 90% at 70s. This enlargement of the prostate that surrounds the urinary tract compresses the urinary tract and starts to obstruct the urinary flow and inhibits the easy excretion of urine.

What are the signs?
– Obliteration of the urinary tract by the growing prostate and inhibiting the urinary flow
- Onset of complaints related to urination
- Difficulties in starting urination
- Difficult and interrupted urination
- Frequent urination
- Reducing of the urine flow strength and thickness
- Dropping of urine after the urination is over
- Feeling that the bladders has not been emptied after urination
- Waking up for urination throughout the night

Important: Sometimes the urinary tract can be obliterated fully because of BPH and patient can be suddenly unable to urinate. Emergency intervention can be required in these patients.

What are its effects? – Sudden urinary obliteration
- Urinary tract inflammation
- Bladder disorders
- Bladder stones
- Renal disorders

Contemporary modes of treatment in BPH
- Regular follow-up: follow-up of complaints with regular intervals
- Drug treatment
- Surgical treatment